- This is one of the major points made by the Minister of Public Affair, André Mama Fouda, during his speech at the cabinet meeting of October held at the star building on Thursday 26 October 2017.
The evaluation of the implementation of the maternal and child mortality reduction program was on the table during the cabinet meeting in October. Indeed, according to the statistics reported by the Minister of Public Health, Andre Mama Fouda, about 6,000 women die each year wanting to give birth. The ratio rose from 430 per 100,000 births in 1998 to 782 in 2011. For fifteen years, there has been an increase in maternal deaths in Cameroon.
With regard to neonatal and infant-juvenile mortality, the figures are down from 37 deaths per 1,000 births in 1998 to 28 in 2014. 22,000 newborns die each year, or 61 per day.
Several factors can justify the rise in the maternal mortality rate in Cameroon, according to André Mama Fouda’s presentation. There are direct causes such as haemorrhages, infections, eclampsia, obstructive labor, and clandestine abortions. There are also indirect causes. These include aggravated conditions such as malaria, AIDS, anemia.
Some also mention socio-economic factors such as ignorance, poor health services, culture and poverty. It should also be noted that hospital costs are high, there is inadequate quality obstetric care and there is a shortage of qualified midwives.
By 2018, the Minister of Health said, the Cameroonian government wants to reduce by 25% the number of deaths related to birth. It has developed the strategic plan to combat maternal, neonatal and infant-juvenile mortality and the health check program for the health coverage of pregnant women.